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安装及维修APC ups电源大全手册?

 

 

 

 

山特电源24小时服务热线:010-56277155/18600046776 庄经理

 

 关于安装及维修APCups电源的问题,很多客户包括我的朋友问我如何安装以及维修,每一次问一次我都回答一次,今天APCups电源网做一次解答。希望能给朋友们一定的帮助。我大全的写一下手册吧

一、UPS之装设

1.地线

1)基本上,要使UPS有防雷击能力而不损毁,一定要有地线。故APC强烈建议使用

者安装地线。

2)Smart-UPS背板有一 “Site Wiring Fault” 红色LED。此灯亮起时表示地线

不良,可能为以下三种情形之一:

z无地线

z极性颠倒

z中线过载

2.插头

1)2200VA以上之UPS其电线电流负荷量达15A以上,因此其插头为20A以上。这种

情况下,以SU3000为例,自配电盘的保险丝开始,配线、插座、UPS插头、UPS

电源线,UPS断电器等全部须能负荷30A以上,才是安全的用电环境。2200VA以

上随机附有适用插座,请参阅下表。

机型 插头型式 插座型式 最大电流 额定电压

SU700

SU1000

SU1400

SU1400RM

NEMA 5-15 P NEMA 5-15 R 15A 125V

SU2200

SU2200RM3U

NEMA 5-20 P NEMA 5-20 R 20A 125V

SU3000 NEMA L5-30 P NEMA L5-30 R 30A 125V

SU2200XL NEMA 5-30 P NEMA 5-30 P 30A 125V

MX3000 NEMA L6-30P NEMA L6-30R 30A 250V

MX5000 NEMA L6-30P NEMA L6-30R 30A 250V

5-15P 5-20P L6-20P L5-30P L6-30P

2)若客户选购此种大VA数之UPS只为Runtime长,事实上负载并不大时,可以只

更换插头。

3.扩充卡安装

1)安装扩充卡前,请先将UPS放电。(Smart-UPS)

2)如遇UPS有任何不正常情况,请先移除所有连接的扩充卡再行测试。

4.装设完成

1.安装完成后开机,UPS即开始自我测试。任何时候怀疑Smart-UPS有不正常情况,

请尝试冷启动。(建议安装完先充电几小时)

2.建议以UPS开关为总开关。

二、软件安装

1.安装PowerChute Plus

1)自光盘安装

z  选择安装PowerChute或PowerNet

z  选择PowerChute for Windows or Windows 95或for NT

z  如选择NT则会先Stop UPS Service

z  选择Install Directory

z  选择UPS Model Type:SmartUPS, BackUPS, Matrix

z  选择Com Port

2)自APC网站上下载的程序安装

2.No Communication问题

z  确定Cable已确实接好,并已打开UPS开关。

z  确定只有UPS在使用指定的COM Port。

z  确定使用的Cable是正确的。

软件Signaling Type Cable

PowerChute Plus (except UNIX) simple signaling 940-0020B灰

PowerChute Plus for UNIX simple signaling 940-0023A

PowerChute Plus (except SGI Irix) advanced signaling 940-0024C黑

PowerChute Plus for SGI Irix advanced signaling (only) 940-0049A

1)Windows NT

I.确定UPS Service已启动。

II.确定Com Port的设定无误。

zNoSerialMice statement is included in Boot.ini.

zCOM1:Address=3f8,IRQ=4;COM2:Address=2F8,IRQ=3。

zDisable FIFO

z  确定Modem及RAS的COM Port无误。

III.确定pwrchute.ini档中的几个参数:(假设Com1)

[UPS]

SignallingType=Smart

PortName=COM1

AutoUpsRebootEnabled=Yes

BatteryReplacementDate=12/09/96

UpsPollInterval=4

2)Novell Netware

I.确定Pwrchute.nlm是否在执行如没有,请load。

II.请检查ComPort设定

先unload pwrchute.nlm,再unload AIOCOMX.NLM。

(如用COM 1) LOAD AIOCOMX INT=4 PORT=3F8 NOFIFO

III.请确定pwrchute.ini档中的几个参数:(假设Com1)

[UPS]

SignallingType=Smart

HardwareType=1

BoardNumber=0

PortNumber=0

三、Smart-UPS面板&操作

Front Panel

電池電量/

輸入電壓顯示燈

超載顯示燈

電池供電顯示燈

負載顯示燈

開/

自我測試

更換電池顯示燈

SmartTrim

自動降壓顯示燈

自動升壓顯示燈

SmartBoost

供電正常顯示燈

85%

67%

50%

33%

17%

100% 132

80% 123

60% 115

40% 107

20% 98

Rear Panel

地線不良顯示燈

模式顯示燈

模式選擇鈕

電腦介面埠

SmartSlot

外接擴充槽

自動斷電器

1.自我测试

2.停电

3.冷启动

4.不同输入电压 (自动升降压SmartBoost & SmartTrim)

5.在线更换电池

四、Smart-UPS维修

1.可先尝试冷启动,若无法冷启动,则UPS为故障。

2.可先去除所有配件,以简化问题。

3.请检查背板的自动断电器(Circuit Breaker)有无跳起。(可能因为超载)

4.如UPS有冒烟、烧焦或焦味,则UPS为故障。

5.如UPS面板灯全闪,则UPS为故障。

6.如更换电池灯号亮起,可先将UPS充电整夜,再进行自我测试。

7.如超载灯号亮起,请减低负载。

8.Smart-UPS英文说明书上问题处理表

Problem Possible Cause Solution

UPS will not turn on.

On/test button not pushed. Press the on/test button to power the UPS and the load

UPS input circuit breaker

tripped.

Reduce the load on the UPS by unplugging equipment and

reset the circuit breaker by pressing the plunger back in.

Very low or no utility

voltage.

Check the AC power supply to the UPS with a table lamp. If

very dim, have the utility voltage checked.

UPS will not turn on or off.

Computer interface or

accessory problem.

Disconnect the computer interface or accessory. If the UPS

now works normally, check the interface cable, the attached

computer, and the accessory.

UPS operates on-battery even

though normal line voltage is

thought to exist.

UPS's input circuit breaker

tripped.

Reduce the load on the UPS by unplugging equipment and

reset the circuit breaker.

Very high, low, or distorted

line voltage.

Test the input voltage with the utility voltage display. See

section 5.6. Inexpensive fuel powered generators can distort

the voltage. If acceptable to the load, reduce the UPS's

sensitivity. See section 5.9.

UPS beeps occasionally. Normal UPS operation. None. The UPS is protecting the load.

UPS does not provide expected

back up time.

The UPS's battery is weak

due to recent outage or is

near the end of its service

life.

Charge the battery. The UPS's batteries require recharging

after an extended outage. Batteries wear faster when put into

service often and when operated at elevated temperatures. If

the battery is near the end of its service life, consider replacing

the battery even if the replace battery indicator is not yet lit.

The UPS is overloaded.

Check the UPS's load display. See section 5.4. Unplug less

needed equipment, such as printers.

Front panel indictors flash

sequentially.

The UPS has been shut down

by remote control.

None. The UPS will restart automatically when utility power

returns.

All indicators are lit and the

UPS emits a constant tone.

Internal UPS fault.

Do not attempt to use the UPS. Turn the UPS off and have it

serviced immediately.

The UPS operates normally, but

the site wiring fault indicator is

lit.

Building wire error such as

missing ground or hot to

neutral wire reversal.

Have a qualified electrician correct the building wiring.

Low battery light is on and the

on-line light is off.

The UPS is shut down and

the battery is discharged from

an extended power outage.

None. The UPS will return to normal operation when the

power is restored and the battery has a sufficient charge.

The replace battery light is lit

Weak batteries.

Allow the batteries to recharge for at least four hours.

If the problem persists after recharging, replace the batteries.

See section 10.

Replacement batteries not

connected properly.

Confirm the battery connections. See section 10.

五、Matrix结构&操作

1.Matrix结构

Isolation Unit(IU):包括隔离变压器、EMI/RFI和突波抑制器

Electronics Unit (EU):电路控制。

Battery(SmartCell):

2.电池组装:

电源线:

讯号线:

完成图:

3.操作

4.Matrix维修

由于Matrix为一模块化的UPS,最简单的方法就是更换电池或EU尝试,就很容易

找出故障部分。绝大部分的问题都出在电池。

无法开启:

自动断电器(Circuit Breaker)跳起。(可能因为超载)

EU螺丝松了。

LCD显示 “In Bypass Mode Press Any Key”:

电池电源联机松了

自动断电器跳起

LCD显示 “UPS in BYPASS chk rear switch”:

背板旁路开关开启

与EU有关的错误讯息:

与IU有关的错误讯息:

与电池有关的错误讯息:

更换EU

Matrix英文说明书上问题处理表

Problem Possible Cause Action to Take

UPS will not turn on.

The UPS's input circuit breaker is tripped

(1/2 of handle is down).

Reduce the load on the UPS by unplugging

equipment and reset the circuit breaker.

EU separating screw is loose.

Tighten the EU separating screw (do not

overtighten).

Circuit closure present at the Emergency

Power Off interface.

Check the EPO connections. See section

4.7.

UPS operates on-battery even

though normal utility voltage is

thought to exist.

Very high line voltage.

Test the line voltage with the UPS voltage

meter (see section5.2.4). If necessary,

adjust the UPS upper transfer voltage (see

section5.2.5).

Highly distorted line voltage.

Inexpensive fuel powered generators can

cause distorted line voltages. Desensitize

the UPS to the distortion (see section

5.2.5).

UPS beeps occasionally. This is normal. None. The UPS is protecting the loads.

UPS does not provide expected

back up time.

The UPS's batteries are discharged from

recent utility outage.

None. The UPS's batteries require

recharging after extended or successive

outages.

The UPS's batteries are weak due to age

or wear.

The batteries wear faster when put into

service often and when operated at

elevated temperatures.

UPS display shows 'No Battery

Communication'.

One or more battery pack cables is not

properly connected.

Check connections to and from each

battery pack and the EU. See section 4.6.

UPS display shows 'In Bypass

Mode Press Any Key'.

Batterypack coupler not properly mated

with the EU coupler.

Check battery pack connections. See

section 4.5.

Input circuit breaker cycled on-off-on too

quickly.

Follow display prompts to return to normal

on-lone operation.

UPS display shows 'UPS in

BYPASS chk rear switch'

The manual bypass switch at the rear of

the EU is in the bypass position.

Chage the switch setting to resume normal

on-line operation.

Output voltage reading incorrectg

after installation of a new power

distribution plate.

Output voltage reporting incorrectly set.

Change the output voltage reporting setup.

See section5.2.6.

Output voltage outside rated

regulation band.

Upper transfer voltage set higher than the

factory setting.

If necessary, change the upper transfer

voltage setting. See section5.2.5.

The UPS has relaxed load voltage

regulation to compensate for distorted or

fluctuating utility voltage.

Set the UPS's utility failure sensitivity to

'High' to maintain narrow band

regulation. See section5.2.5.

The UPS does not power the load

immediately following the return of

normal utility voltage.

The turn on delay set to a non-zero value.

Set the turn on delay to the desired value.

See section5.2.6.

六、软件操作设定

如何设定PowerChute Plus自动关机时间

(以NT版为例)

在PowerChute Plus中,可自行设定要关机的电力事件,包括停电、温度过高、定

时开关机…等等。这些电力事件都列在Configuration选项下的Event Actions中。针

对这些不同的电力事件,每一种都可以自行设定不同的关机程序。

在Event Actions中,左半部Events列出的即为电力事件,右半部Actions for

Selected Event列出的是所要的反应。这里提供的反应有Log Event(将此事件记录于

Event Log中)、Notify Administrators(以message通知系统管理员)、Notify Users

(以message通知指定的User)、Run Command File(关机前先执行指定的程序,用

以关闭Lotus Notes Server、Oracle等)、Send E-Mail(发NT mail)、Page Users

(透过调制解调器发讯号给呼叫器)、Shut Down Server(关机)等七种。

以下我们以停电为例,来设定UPS关机的程序。

1.假设我们想要在停电时,让UPS自动关闭操作系统、计算机及UPS本身,则首先

在Configuration中选Event Actions。在左半部Events中,选UPS On Battery。右

半部Actions for Selected Event中,已预选了Log Eve、Notify User和Shut Down

Server。请选Shut Down Server并按Options,此处要设定UPS以电池供电后多久开

始关机程序。根据负载及需求,输入适当的时间。假设是300秒。此时间过后,将开始

关机程序。

2.接下来请选Events中的System Shutdown Starting的Options。此处设定的关

机开始延迟时间是给上述所提Run Command File程序执行时间用。假设是30秒。此时

间过后,将开始关闭操作系统。

3.接下来请选Configuration中的UPS Shutdown Parameters。在UPS Turn Off

Delay中,有20、160、300、600秒四个选项。此为操作系统关闭最少所需时间。在此

时间后,UPS将自动关闭。如有选底下的Automatic Reboot,则UPS不是关闭而是进入

休眠状态,此时UPS面板灯号轮流闪

烁。UPS将在侦测到市电恢复后自行

开启并开启计算机。

開始停電

300秒

開始關機程序

開始關閉作業系統

UPS關閉

30秒

180秒

關閉應用程式時間

由電池供電正常運作

作業系統關閉時間

其它有关之时间设定:

Configuration \ UPS Shutdown

Parameters \ UPS Wakeup Delay

(Time)

UPS在休眠状态中,侦测市电恢复后

自行启动的延迟时间。以避免市电恢

复后短时间内的再度停电。

Configuration \ UPS Shutdown

Parameters \ UPS Wakeup Delay

(Capacity)

UPS在休眠状态中,侦测市电恢复后,

要电池电量充电到多少百分比以上

才自动开机。同样避免市电恢复后短

时间内再度停电时UPS无法提供正常

供电时间。

Configuration \ Application

Shutdown(PowerChute for NT 5.0

以上版本)

针对Microsoft Office、Corel PerfetOffice、Lotus SmartSuite等应用程序,可在

关闭操作系统前先行存盘关闭。预设时间为60秒,即每个应用程序6秒,共10个。

PowerChute会在开始关机程序后,取此项延迟时间或上述2.中System Shutdown

Starting的延迟时间两者之较长者。设定的时间请以实机试验决定。

 

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